Reversing periodontal disease using Geroscience: Jonathan An
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Reversing periodontal disease using Geroscience: Jonathan An

Ageing
Inflammation
Periodontal Disease
The greatest underlying risk factor for periodontitis is age, and its association with other age-related diseases. Jonathan An’s lab proposes to test a series of compounds targeting inflammation in a mouse model of age-related periodontitis, with the goal of finding a geroscience-based treatment for this neglected disease that has a severe impact on human healthspan.
Licensing OutreachView project
Investment
$192,925
Initiated
6.4.2022
Approval
99.87%
Project Details
Jonathan An
Project Lead, Assistant Professor at University of Washington
Matt Kaeberlein
Professor at University of Washington and collaborator (to assess the long term healthspan and lifespan of mice after drug interventions)
Simon Johnson
Assistant Professor at University of Washington and collaborator (to evaluate the brain aging biology in the same animals with periodontal disease)
AT A GLANCE
Stage
Early stage preclinical discovery
Area
Drug discovery, treating periodontal disease
Status
Ongoing
Patent
Not filed yet

Background

Efforts to slow the progression of periodontitis in older adults have been attempted through various therapies, including scaling and root planing (“deep cleanings”) or antibacterial adjuncts to reduce pathogens in the pocket, but these treatment modalities are invasive, need to be repeated often, and rely on access to such modalities, which may be limited for many older adults. Furthermore, current therapies are limited to treating the symptoms and fail to address the underlying cellular and molecular causes of periodontal disease, which we hypothesize are a direct consequence of biological aging. A component in most age-related disease and decline is a low-grade, chronic inflammation without overt infection known as “inflammaging”. Among the various organ systems that undergo inflammaging, periodontal disease involves most, if not all, sources and outcomes of inflammaging. Thus, evaluating pathways that target “inflammaging” may provide a unique, Geroscience-based treatment modality to reverse periodontal disease. 

Aims, Hypothesis & Results

Jonathan An’s Lab proposes to use small molecule inhibitors of the PI3K/NFkB/mTOR pathway to treat periodontal disease. Johnathan An’s Lab envision improvement of the periodontal disease phenotype after 8-week treatment with the candidate compounds maybe a result of (1) an improvement of systemic “inflammaging” to impact periodontal disease that will be tested with the first study (systemic administration), or (2) a direct improvement of periodontal disease, which will be tested with the second study (local administration). Either result could be the base for novel IP regarding formulation and/or delivery methods to improve aging, inflammation, and periodontal disease. Jonathan An’s collaborators also have preliminary data showing that a few of the tested interventions have beneficial effects on neurodegeneration and cognitive decline. Therefore, besides periodontal bone loss, the study will address other systemic markers of healthspan, including inflammation.

The proposal is mainly based on a recent eLife paper (Rapamycin rejuvenates oral health in aging mice | eLife 7) by the research group, where they find positive effects of 8-week treatment with oral rapamycin in age-related periodontal bone loss in mice.

Timeline

Pre-Clinical Studies: 

  1. Test 5 selected drug candidates with known pharmacokinetics administered orally in the chow in an 8-week study, using rapamycin as a positive control (Required funding for experiment 1 = $192,925).
  2. If this first study demonstrates that any of the small molecules is effective in reversing periodontal disease to similar degree than rapamycin when administered systemically, a second sub-study will be carried out to test the effectiveness of their local delivery by brushing the interventions across the gum line, comparing them with locally delivered rapamycin (Required funding for experiment 2 = $105,625).
  3. Results from the proposed studies will provide critical pre-clinical IP data to support a future company targeting periodontal disease through geroscience, which the investigator(s) intend to spin out with support from VitaDAO.

Required Funding Total: $300,000
Status: Ongoing

VitaDAO Board Evaluation Writeup


Periodontitis is an unmet need with great impact on healthspan. This project focusing on using a geroscience approach and alleviating inflammaging was evaluated to have strong feasibility to tackle the issue. The proposal was highly rated for a strong scientific team, high novelty and impact, as well as IP-NFT potential. The team has access to dental clinics, which would greatly accelerate the clinical trial process, if the animal studies provide positive data.

Latest Project Updates
2
August
2022
2
August
2022
IP-NFT transfer ceremony with Jonathan An & Molecule

The vote has passed, the decision is made: Jonathan An’s Lab will be the first research organisation in the USA to fund their longevity research via an IP-NFT. This historic moment needs to be celebrated properly!

6
April
2022
Project Initiated!

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Reversing periodontal disease using Geroscience: Jonathan An
The greatest underlying risk factor for periodontitis is age, and its association with other age-related diseases. Jonathan An’s lab proposes to test a series of compounds targeting inflammation in a mouse model of age-related periodontitis, with the goal of finding a geroscience-based treatment for this neglected disease that has a severe impact on human healthspan.

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